SYEKH MOHAMMAD ARSYAD THAWIL 1851-1934 : PERJUMPAAN ULAMA BANTEN DENGAN JEMAAT KRISTEN MINAHASA

Almunauwar Bin Rusli

Abstract


The fight of Ulama in the history of Indonesian colonialism took place through eschatological awareness, ethical action and mystical reflection. Syeikh Mohammad Arsyad Thawil is one of the important Ulama in this case.  He was born in Tanara, Banten 1851 and died in Lawangirung, Manado 1934. Syekh Mohammad Arsyad Thawil studied Islam on three teachers: Syeikh Abdul Gani Bima, Syeikh Ahmad Zaini Dahlan and Syeikh Nawawi Al-Bantani. He lived in Makkah from 1868-1873 and was involved in the Banten peasant uprising 9-13 July 1888. First, since 1808 Banten fell under Dutch rule. Colonial bureaucracy destroys traditional bureaucracy. Second, abolition of inheritance, tax collection and forced labor. Third, the raises of sufi movements, pesantren and pilgrimage groups that formed the Pan-Islamic ideology. When exiled at Airmadidi, Minahasa 1888, the da’wah of Syeikh Mohammad Arsyad Thawil was supported by Kapiten Tan Tjin Bie. Thus, Islam and Tionghoa have relations of knowledge and power because of cooperation of commerce and memory of commerce.

 


Keywords


Syekh Mohammad Arsyad Thawil, Banten, Minahasa

Full Text:

PDF

References


Azra,Azyumardi.2002.Historical Islam : Indonesian Islam in Global and Local Perspective, Bandung : Mizan.

Azra,Azyumardi.2013.Jaringan Ulama Timur Tengah dan Kepulauan Nusantara Abad XVII & XVIII : Akar Pembaruan Islam Indonesia,Jakarta : Kencana Press.

Bruinessen,Martin van.2015.Kitab Kuning, Pesantren dan Tarekat, Yogyakarta : Gading Press.

Burhani,Ahmad Najib.2016.The Muhammadiyah’s Attitude to Javanese Culture in 1912-1930 : Appreciation and Tension,Yogyakarta : Suara Muhammadiyah.

Burhanudin,Jajat.2012.Islamic Knowledge, Authority and Political Power : The Ulama in Colonial Indonesia, Bandung : Mizan.

Djaelani,Abdul Qadir.2016.Sejarah Perjuangan Politik Umat Islam di Indonesia,Jakarta : Media Pustaka.

Effendi,Yoesoef.1983.Riwayat Hidup Kiyai H. Mas Muchammad Arsyad Thawil,Jakarta : Al-Chasanah.

Kartodirdjo,Sartono.1966.The Peasants’ Revolt of Banten in 1888 : Its Condition, Course and Sequences,s-Gravenhage : Martinus Nijhoff,1966.

Kembuan, Roger. 2016. Bahagia di Pengasingan : Kehidupan Sosial Budaya Masyarakat Buangan di Kampung Jawa Tondano, Tesis Universitas Gadjah Mada. Diakses melalui http://etd.repository.ugm.ac.id/

Laffan,Michael. 2011. The Makings of Indonesian Islam, Princeton : Princeton University Press.

Laffan,Michael.2003.Islamic Nationhood and Colonial Indonesia : The Umma Below the Winds,London : Routledge.

Martin,Richard C. (Ed).2002.Approaches to Islam in Religious Studies, Surakarta : Muhammadiyah University Press.

Nasution,Harun (Editor). 1992.Ensiklopedi Islam Indonesia,Jakarta : Djambatan Press.

Reid,Anthony.2004.Sejarah Modern Awal Asia Tenggara, Jakarta : LP3ES.

Ricklefs,M.C. 2005.Sejarah Indonesia Modern 1200-2004, Jakarta : Serambi Press.

Steenbrink,Karel.2017.Dutch Colonialism and Islam in Indonesia : Conflict and Contact 1596-1950, Yogyakarta : Gading Press.

Stockdale,John Josep.2017.The Island of Java,Yogyakarta : Indoliterasi.

Thorn,William. 1815.Memoirs of The Conquest of Java : With The Subsequent Operations of British Forces in The Oriental Archipelago,London : White Hall.

Vlekke,Bernard H.M. 2016.Nusantara : A History of Indonesia,Jakarta : Gramedia Press.

Kojongian,Adrianus. 2019.Kapitein Tionghoa di Manado. Diakses melalui adrianuskojongian.com

Pinontoan,Denni H.R. 2019.Syekh Mas Mohammad Arsyad Thawil : Hadji Banten di Manado. Diakses melalui www.katanisme.com.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31969/alq.v26i1.779

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Indexed by :